We publish the Southern California Ordinal Scales of Development, the Auditory Skills Instructional System, and System FORE. These are assessment and instructional systems for exceptional learners.

School Districts and agencies please get our W-9 form here.

(click here for our Flaming Sparrow website.)

To Order by PayPal, click on the Add to Cart buttons next to the items you want. 10% for U.S. shipping is automatically included in the price of materials ordered through PayPal. If the total for shipping is higher than cost or our maximum ($20), the excess will be refunded by Paypal or enclosed in the shipment. Complete order information for schools and institutions, and by means other than PayPal is found at the end of this page.



Southern California
Ordinal Scales of Development

A complete Piagetian assessment system for the classroom and clinic. Standardized and field-tested in both settings, it is effective with all children and especially useful for multi- and severely handicapped, developmentally delayed, and learning disordered children.

The Scales measure the quality of each response, not merely whether it can be elicited. Each scale may be used independently. All procedures and materials are easily adapted to meet the needs of each child, so that children never have to perform against their own physical restrictions.

The Ordinal Scales provide a clear guide to what is profitable to teach a given child at a given time. They are among the most culture-free and non-sexist instruments available, and assess infant through adult responses.

Developed for the California State Department of Education by the Diagnostic School for Neurologically Handicapped Children, Southern California, under the direction of Donald Ashurst. With Introduction by California State Superintendent of Schools, Wilson Riles.

500 - SCOSD All six Manuals with 10 protocols each: $160.00 + $16 shipping
500A - SCOSD All six Protocols in packages of 25: $64.00 + $6.40 shipping

Scale of Cognition
The core areas of assessment in Cognition are Development of Means, Object Concept, and Imitation. Each area is considered from Sensorimotor through Formal Operations, according to Piaget's model of development.

501 - Cognition Manual (146 pages, 10 protocols): $30.00 + $3.00 shipping
501A - Cognition Protocols (25/pkg): $12.00 + $3.00

Scale of Communication
Examines the full range of oral and gestural expression and comprehension in Piaget's model of development. The scale is first divided into Receptive and Expressive Behavior, and within each division it assesses: Awareness of Self and Environment, Imitation, Communicative Mediation, and Symbolization.

502 - Communication Manual (184 pages, 10 protocols): $30.00 + $3.00 shipping
502A - Communication Protocols (25/pkg): $12.00 + $3.00

Scale of Social-Affective Behavior
This scale assesses two strands: Self-Awareness and Relationships with Others. The procedures consist of observations, interviews, and simulations designed to determine the level and quality of a child's social and affective functioning.

503 - Social-Affective Manual (84 pages, 10 protocols): $25.00 + $3.00 shipping
503A - Social-Affective Protocols (25/pkg): $10.00 + $3.00

Scale of Practical Abilities
Examines the development of personal independence and the ability to care for one's own basic needs. The strands are Eating, Dressing, Personal Hygiene, and Safety and Social Awareness.

504 - Practical Abilities Manual (62 pages, 10 protocols): $25.00 + $3.00 shipping

504A - Practical Abilities Protocols (25/pkg): $10.00 + $3.00


Scale of Fine Motor Abilities
Dexterity, Perceptual Motor, and Graphomotor development.

505 - Fine Motor Manual (92 pages, 10 protocols): $25.00 + $3.00 shipping
505A - Fine Motor Protocols (25/pkg): $10.00 + $3.00

Scale of Gross Motor Abilities
Development of Strength, Balance, Mobility, and Coordination.

506 - Gross Motor Manual (70 pages, 10 protocols): $25.00 + $3.00 shipping

506A - Gross Motor Protocols (25/pkg): $10.00 + $3.00



Auditory Skills
Instructional Planning System (ASIPS)

Developed by the Southwest School for the Hearing Impaired and Audiological Services, Los Angeles County Schools

The ease with which hearing-impaired children live in a hearing world depends greatly on how well they can understand and use ordinary language. This ability to recognize, recall, and produce connected spoken language is critical as well to academic progress. ASIPS offers a comprehensive program to assess and enhance functional communication. ASIPS may be used in oral or total communication programs, and offers hearing-impaired children a way to greater competence, at school and in the world.

Each ASIPS component may be used independently of any other. Together they provide a common language for the audiologist, teacher of the hearing impaired, and speech/language specialist.

Auditory Skills Curriculum
The Auditory Skills Curriculum is for children three years old through high school age, regardless of degree of hearing loss or language ability. It offers a comprehensive guide to developing functional communication through audition. The ASC is founded on a body of criterion-referenced objectives that map the progression and relation of items in four areas: Discrimination, Memory Sequencing, Auditory Feedback, and Figure-Ground, paralleling the stages of the TAC. Each objective includes complete directions for assessment and performance criteria.

The Curriculum has directions for over 200 individual and classroom activities, many with suggested variations. These activities are correlated to particular ASC objectives and keyed by suggested grade levels.

The ASC was developed by audiologists and teachers of the hearing impaired to supplement, refine, and extend all other communication programs used in the classroom and clinic.

201 - Auditory Skills Curriculum (329 pages): $50.00 + $5.00 shipping
201A - ASC Progress Records (pad of 25): $2.00 + $3.00


Auditory Skills Curriculum -
The ASC-PS is a downward extension of the ASC, designed specifically to meet the needs of hearing-impaired preschool-age children (birth to four years). The ASC-PS is based on the same performance objectives as the ASC, and uses the same Progress Records. It includes over 100 new activities, variations, and preparatory activities, plus a new set of guidelines for developing instructional programs. It was developed by Janet Head at the Lexington School for the Deaf.
The ASC-PS offers a solid, systematic, and extensible base of
instruction for the very young hearing-impaired child.
200 - ASC-Preschool Supplement (174 pages): $35.00 + $3.50 shipping
201A - ASC Progress Records (pad of 25): $2.00 + $3.00


The Test of Auditory Comprehension was standardized on a national sample of children four to seventeen years old, with moderate through profound hearing losses. Test results produce a profile of the child's performance on a continuum of auditory tasks, and provide a basis for instruction with the ASC and ASC-PS. The TAC also allows comparison of results by age, degree of hearing loss, and type of placement. The TAC is also widely used, for children and adults, as the primary instrument for pre-and post-assessment of the effectiveness of cochlear implants.

The ten subtests of the TAC begin with simple auditory discrimination tasks and conclude by assessing the child's understanding of complex stories given with a competing-message background. The child responds to recorded messages by pointing to one of several pictures. Administration averages thirty minutes and requires only the child's usual amplification, a reasonably quiet room, and a program-stop or standard cassette player.

 - Out Of Print -  

The Audio Worksheets comprise 86 programmed training and assessment exercises based on ASC objectives and augmenting the ASC activities. They provide extensively field-tested, individualized material for reading and non-reading students. All messages are presented on program-stop cassettes; they are repeated in 72 exercises with a competing message at +6dB, and in 40 exercises at 0dB signal/noise. The student responds to these cues by marking the self-checking worksheets. Each exercise includes reproducible worksheet masters and a teacher's guide with directions, format example, and audio script.

 -- Out Of Print --  


System FORE

System FORE is a criterion-referenced curriculum in language, reading, and mathematics. FORE begins with an informal assessment to produce a profile of the child's current mastery. This profile becomes an Individualized Education Plan, and shows the next instructional steps in the FORE curriculum. The teacher selects materials to meet the child's needs, and notes their mastery on his profile. This indicates he has also mastered the objective to which the materials are correlated. In this way the teacher always has a current, accurate IEP for the child. Each volume contains a short guide to administration and a set of all needed record forms.

System FORE was designed by the Los Angeles Unified School District and by the West Linn School District. The findings of five years of field testing by six BEH agencies and by many public and private schools have been coordinated here. This edition is unique and available only from Foreworks.  

 -Out of Print-  



Frequently Asked Questions

About Inservice: ASIPS training is commonly available at colleges with hearing-impaired programs, and the FORE Handbook contains a complete inservice guide to System FORE. The Ordinal Scales are standard textbooks in several of the California State Colleges and Universities, and various programs in testing and assessment use them.

About the SCOSD: When will Foreworks have an assessment-materials kit to go with the Ordinal Scales? We were working to this end when, apparently, Lakeshore decided to sell only individual items. They're still a good source. So you will each have to gather your own materials. This is not really such a bad thing: We remember with great fondness the early days of the "functional assessment movement," when graduate students competed to design the most simple and direct methods for finding a child's level of performance, using common classroom and household materials.

About ASIPS: The Test of Auditory Comprehension (TAC) is out of print. Why? Because L.A. County Schools decided to reclaim the copyright and cancel our license to publish ASIPS. They say they have no plans to publish it elsewhere. We're in the book business, not the lawsuit business, so when we run out of inventory for an ASIPS title, it's gone for good. This will eventually happen to the other ASIPS titles, too, but not for a while. Does Foreworks have normative data for hearing children with auditory-processing problems? No. We suggest using the Auditory Skills Curriculum as a criterion-referenced assessment guide. That is, present such students with a range of tasks from the Curriculum, and where they have problems, teach the requisite skills. (Some people think this approach is simpleminded. We think it is elegant.)

About System FORE: This is now out of print. That's fine with us, since it has served its purpose. For quite a few of the twenty-five years we printed it, and the ten years that L.A. City Schools did it, it was an essential source for developing curricula. It is our fond assumption that it was possibly the most influential and most copied curriculum in the history of U.S. Special Education. At one time it was the backbone of most Federal Curriculum centers, and was used throughout American Samoa, Guam, Micronesia, by the BIA, everywhere isolated or itinerant teachers worked, and in thousands of special education classrooms. The idea was that a hierarchy of skills based on human development made a better model for curricula than most textbook series, and that regular education would eventually recognize the worth of this approach and convert to individualized instruction. It's still a good idea.

About Foreworks: Foreworks is a family-owned business, begun in 1975. Two of us do all of the editing, design, accounting, phone answering, and shipping, and most of the typesetting, printing, and binding. We chose our materials according to how well they matched our ideals of what special education should be, and we are gratified that many of our books have been so well received for so long. We will continue to publish the books in this catalog for as long as they are wanted, and as long as we are able to do so. We depend solely on your recommendations to others, and no longer advertise in journals, send bulk mail, or attend conventions. If you like our products, tell someone. We can be reached at (503) 869-8794 from 10 a.m. until 5 p.m., Central Standard Time, and any time by e-mail at Foreworks.

We do not accept submissions of new material for Foreworks. Our current publishing interests can be seen in the Flaming Sparrow catalog.


To Order by Mail List the item number, title, price, and the quantity of each item wanted. Enclose a check or money order for the price of the materials and shipping (see below). Private, foreign, and U.S. military orders must be prepaid including shipping. U.S. schools that pay within thirty days may e-mail or phone in purchase orders.

Shipping charges Mail orders must include shipping charges. Add 10% of the total for shipping. Minimum shipping charge for surface mail is $3.00, maximum is $20.00. Rush service and all foreign orders are 20% of the total . We ship by U.S.P.S. surface mail unless you specify rush service.  If you need materials by a specific date, please call before you order: 503 869-8794. We do NOT accept FAX orders, but you can send your School's purchase order as an email attachment in PDF.

P.O. Box 429
Natalbany LA 70451


To Order by PayPal, click on the Add to Cart buttons next to the items you want. 10% for U.S. shipping is included in the price of materials ordered through PayPal.  Orders typically take 10 to 15 days from the time we receive them.  If you need materials by a specific date, please call before you order (503 869-8794). 

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 � 1975- Eric Bagai